What does this discovery mean in terms of male pattern baldness?
However, these new findings do not mean a cure for baldness is coming tomorrow, though they do take us one step closer, says Dr. Ricardo Marioni, the principal author of the study.
Marioni, who is with the university’s Center for Genomic and Experimental Medicine, believes that the findings pave the way for an improved understanding of the genetic causes of hair loss.
In this study, the research team analyzed genetic data from more than 52,000 men and pinpointed 287 genetic regions linked to severe hair loss. The study showed that many of the identified genes are associated with hair structure and development. This means that the genes could provide targets for the development of drugs to treat baldness some day, the researchers explained.
It was interesting to find that many of the genetic signals for male pattern baldness came from the X chromosome, which men inherit from their mothers, study co-leader Saskia Hagenaars says. Hagenaars is a Ph.D. student in the university’s Center for Cognitive Aging and Cognitive Epidemiology.
We would expect to see an even stronger genetic signal if we were able to identify those with early hair loss. This data was not based on age, study co-leader David Hill, a statistical geneticist at the university, says.
So what can you do?
Now that you know where your male pattern baldness comes from, what can you do? Start by overlooking your diet. Are you eating enough greens? Fruits? Would you benefit from incorporating supplements? Good hair starts with a good diet.
If you feel like you see more hair in the drain than usual, you are not alone. By as early as the age of 35, two-thirds of American men will experience hair loss. For women, about 40% suffer from hair loss by the age of 40. But as long as there is no underlying medical issue, you can normally prevent hair loss. What causes the problem will determine what you can do to get rid of it. But there are many options you can try if you are not yet sure what is the real culprit.
How do I prevent hair loss?
1. Be careful how you wear your hair
Too tight of a hairstyle can lead to something called traction alopecia, which simply means that the hair is being pulled out of the hair follicles. A tight ponytail, braids, cornrows or really any hairstyle can lead to hair loss. If the hair is being pulled and tugged at for a long period of time, this is a real risk. Avoid that by letting your hair loose often, keep changing your hairstyle, or just make that braid a loose one.
2. Eat the Right Food
To eat healthy and get enough nutrition is essential for maintaining a healthy hair growth. If you are worried about losing hair, make sure that you eat enough protein. The hair is mainly made up of a protein called keratin, so adding extra protein will have a good impact on your hair growth. Eggs contain both protein and biotin, the B vitamin that is vital for good hair. Meat and fish are also beneficial. If you are a vegetarian, make sure to eat enough beans and lentils, as well as nuts and seeds. Spinach and other leafy greens are also great hair food, as spinach contains folate and iron that boost your hair growth.
3. Consider What Hair Products You Use and Avoid Heat Styling
Excessive heat styling will damage your hair and wear on it. If you do use heat styling tools, make sure to use a lower setting and not blast it on full heat. Always use a heat protecting spray or cream to prepare your hair for the heat. Hair products that contain a lot of chemicals will also dry your hair out. To prevent hair loss, use products with natural ingredients and keep your heated tools on the shelf.
4. Stress Less
Stress can cause hair loss, as can any trauma on the body or mind. Researchers do not yet know exactly why or how, but the stress hormone cortisol disrupts the hair’s natural growth cycle. If you are very stressed, you might shed more hair at one time than usual, which makes your hair look thinner. To avoid this and prevent stress related hair loss, practice mindfulness and maybe do yoga. It will have a positive impact on more aspects of your health than just your hair.
5. Do scalp massage
A scalp massage not only feels good but can also help aid your hair growth by increasing the blood circulation in your scalp, and therefore the flow of oxygen and blood to your hair follicles. This can also help you relax. Use an essential oil or coconut oil and massage it into your scalp with your fingers. If you leave it in overnight it will also give your hair and scalp an extra moisture boost.
6. Wash Your Hair Less Often
A new trend that has gained a lot of popularity is the no poo method. A lot of men and women have started washing their hair less often because it is less damaging for the hair. Using shampoo too often will strip the hair of its natural oils and make it dry. But washing it too seldom can also cause the pores in the scalp to clog and cause a product buildup. This could in turn cause dandruff. So, as with everything, find a balance that works for you. Three times a week might be a good place to start.
7. Avoid Certain Types of Medicine
Some types of medicine can lead to hair loss by interrupting the hair growth cycle. Drug-induced hair loss can occur, for example from acne medicine, birth control pills, cholesterol-lowering drugs or mood stabilizers. If you notice a change in your hair growth and you think it may be caused by a medication, talk to a doctor about taking alternative medications. Everyone experiences side effects in different ways and there might be a drug that would not have this effect on you.
8. Keep Your Scalp Healthy
A healthy scalp will result in healthy hair. What many people tend to forget is that hair products build up over time on our scalp. It is good for the hair to not wash it too often, but washing it too seldom will increase the product buildup. This can cause clogged follicles that can result in a fungus infection or dandruff. Doing a scalp exfoliation every now and then will deep cleanse your scalp and aid healthy hair growth.
To prevent hair loss, stay healthy in general. Exercising and leading a healthy lifestyle is really important for your hair health. When you are stressed and the stress hormone cortisol is released into your body, it can cause hair loss. But exercise has, as we all know, a positive impact on our mental health and reduces stress. Also, sweating cleans out the pores in the scalp, while getting our heart rate up will increase the blood flow and brings more nutrients and oxygen into our body.
10. Additionally, Consider a Hair Supplement to Support Healthier Hair
If you want to take an extra step, or are already experiencing some hair thinning, you could opt for a natural hair supplement with natural ingredients that support your hair growth from within. These natural supplements are designed with hair in mind and target the potential triggers of hair thinning.
Hold your horses, or at least your hair – there is new research on male pattern baldness. This research sheds some new light on hair growth mechanisms – Something that could pave the way for new treatments for male baldness.
A research team from the University of California, set out to explore hair growth across the skin surface of the entire body. Their findings, may help us to understand and treat male baldness differently.
The researchers were Maksim Plikus, an assistant professor of developmental and cell biology, and Qing Nie, a professor of mathematics.
Maksim and Qing were able to map hair growth patterns across the entire skin by using a combination of mathematical modeling and biological data. Mathematical modeling turned out to be a valuable tool for understanding how hair follicles grow across the entire body.
Our new mathematical model predicted details of signaling communications between hairs. Which is otherwise difficult to reveal with standard biological experiments alone, says professor Nie.
Wnt and BMP signaling pathways
Maksim and Qing examined the Wnt proteins and bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) signaling pathways. Which they did as one of their previous research showed that these play an important role in hair growth. Their previous studies showed that defects in either one of these pathways may disrupt hair growth patterns.
What good does Wnt proteins and BMPs do?
Wnt proteins regulate cell proliferation, at first during the development of embryos, and then in the growth and regeneration of other tissues. BMPs are also growth factors that drive development in the embryo but also plays an important role when it comes to the functioning of cells.
So what previous research showed was that these signaling pathways control hair growth across the body. But the new study shows that hair growth is a coordinated process. Which in other words means that different skin areas sort of communicate with each other.
How is this relevant you may ask…
Male pattern baldness tends to occur in the frontal and upper back, but not at the lower back. So this communication between different skin areas is thought to be interrupted, and it is believed that hair follicles are growing independently.
If the communication between nonbalding and balding regions can be reactivated, hair growth signals can then start spreading across the entire head skin. Which can help preventing regional baldness, says professor Plikus.
To air dry your hair is healthier and milder than using a hair dryer, but it can take some getting used to. It can be hard achieving the look you want without any kind of heat styling tools. But still, the warm season is the best to learn. Here we list the best tips for how to tame your mane without any damaging heat.
Skip the Shampoo
Some stylists say, skip the shampoo entirely. Frizzy hair is due to dried out hair being exposed to moisture in the air. Since shampoo strips the hair of oils, it can often make the problem worse. “I sometimes will just rinse my hair and apply conditioner to the ends,” said hair stylist Kylee Heath. If this seems too drastic for you, maybe use shampoo once a week, or use a cleansing conditioner.
Before You Air Dry Your Hair – Get Rid of the Water
One hair stylist’s tip to a successful air dry is to shake the water out of the hair. “It sounds a little crazy, but shaking your head up and down for a few seconds helps hair dry faster,” said stylist Amanda Dyer. Then, squeeze the water out of the hair but do not rub it. The professionals use a microfiber towel rather than a cotton one, as it will leave the hair smoother. One tip is to wash the hair in the evening so you sleep on it one night before going outside. That will make the hair calmer and decrease the risk of frizz.
Another pro tip is to not brush your hair while it is wet. Carefully get rid of tangles with your fingers instead, or use a wide-tooth comb dressed in a leave in conditioner. “Do not use a brush on damp hair! Do not wrap a towel around your head too tightly and always towel-dry gently,” said stylist Frederique Carme. Always use conditioner after washing your hair to get rid of the tangles right away.
Make sure to apply a leave in conditioner or a moisturizing hair oil after towel drying the hair. Let it soak up the moisture while it is drying. This will prevent frizz and keep the hair smooth.
Shape Damp Hair the Way You Want it to Look When it Dries
That is right – your dry hair will have the shape it has when it is drying. So to air dry your hair without it getting too unruly, make sure to shape it. Loose braids or twists are the easiest. You can also put it up in ringlets using small clips, which will lift the roots. If you want curls, use a curling mousse. If you want chill beach vibes, use a salt water spray that will give the hair texture and a matte finish.
Deep Condition Once a Week
Use a hair mask once a week to deep condition the hair. Filling your hair with moisture will make it easier to style it once it is time for that. There are a bunch of different types of masks you can easily make at home with what you have in your kitchen.
If you do use heat styling tools, go with modern ones that are milder. New hair dryers are made to be kinder to the hair. Also, make sure to use a heat protecting spray or cream, and do not heat style it too often.
If you are suffering from dry hair, there are a ton of reasons and just as many remedies. It is not a type of hair – in most cases, and you can easily do something about it. First, you need to understand why your hair is dry and brittle.
Basically, your hair gets dry because your scalp is dry. The hair does not produce any moisture by itself. Rather, it picks up on natural oils made in the hair roots that are located under the scalp. Having a dry scalp also leads to flaky skin and dandruff, but having an oily scalp makes your hair greasy fast. The trick is to keep it balanced.
Reasons for Dry Hair
The weather affects your hair as well as your skin and even your mood. In the summer, increased exposure to sunrays and salt water can drain your skin and hair of moisture. Additionally, if you drink more alcohol, the dehydration extends all the way to your hair too. Likewise, in the winter, the air is much drier than during the warm months. This goes for the air inside as well, due to radiators.
Straightening treatments, or keratin treatments, can be a reason for dry hair. It is a chemical treatment that penetrates the hair’s cuticle, and will unavoidably have a stressful effect on the hair. Make sure to not do it too often, and always go with one that is free of formaldehyde.
Using heating tools will wear on your hair. The electric heat strips the moisture out of the strands and causes damage. Air-drying the hair is much more merciful on your hair. If you have to use heat styling, make sure to use a heat protectant before and make regular hair masks to re-boost the moisture levels.
According to dermatologist Janice Lima-Maribona, hormone changes in the body will affect your hair’s health. These can be caused by sudden changes like like pregnancy or menopause, being on birth control, or being stressed. More female hormones often means more and shinier hair. That is why many women notice their hair going dull, dry or lifeless after quitting birth control, shortly after giving birth, or when entering menopause. If this is the cause, you need to see your doctor to get the hang of the issue.
Too Strong of a Shampoo
Using the wrong shampoo is a well-known cause of dry hair, as it will strip your hair of moisture. Harsh chemicals are a big no no, and using a shampoo that is wrong for your hair type is just unnecessary. Using organic shampoos or something with only natural ingredients is kinder on your strands.
If you have a problem with oily hair, it is better to use a mild shampoo and try to wash the hair less often. Even though this can feel contradictory, oily hair is often caused by washing the hair too often and using too harsh shampoos. That is because the scalp makes up for the lack of moisture by producing more oil. Allowing the hair’s oil production to start over and regulate itself will set the balance right.
Benefits of Nutrafol
In the end, it is often simply maintaining a living a healthy lifestyle that makes your hair beautiful. Use common sense to keep up your health, work out, sleep enough and always drink plenty of water. However, if you suffer form a hormone disorder or some other kind of medical issue, a doctor’s help might be needed. There is also the option of taking natural supplements, like Nutrafol, which will provide your hair with all of the essential nutrients for healthy hair growth.
Maintaining healthy hair can sometimes be very tricky. And it is true that breakage happens when your hair is brittle – from treatments, from elements from pretty much whatever. So to avoid the avoidable, follow these simple steps.
Healthy hair starts with…
If your hair is even the slightest bit dry, try avoiding sulfates in your shampoo, for risk of drying it out even more. Therefore always be on the lookout for sulfate-free shampoo. So when you are out, looking for shampoos to buy, if you find the word SLS (sodium lauryl sulfate) in the ingredient list, put the bottle down. Sulfate-free shampoo is a better choice for your hair.
Nutrafol mentioned regular scalp massage as an effective way to combat dry scalp, but hot oil does the trick too. Choose an oil of choice (avocado, olive, jojoba, or coconut are all good ones), something to heat said oil in, and a head full of hair. Heat the oil until it is warm— not scorching hot—and when it’s ready, lean over your bathtub, and pour it onto your scalp. Massage the oil from scalp to root to tip, separating out any excess stuff, and tuck your hair into a towel or shower cap when you are done massaging it. Keep it tucked in for an hour, sulfate-free shampoo it out, and repeat as often as you would like to or need. Experts recommend once a week, but your hair, your rules.
Silk it up
As mentioned before, using a cotton pillowcase will only do some unnecessary damage to your hair. Friction between your hair and pillowcase is a real thing, but sleeping on silk prevents all of that. So invest in either a silk pillowcase or a silk cap. Silk caps affix to your head and stay in place all night long. Who said maintaining healthy hair cannot be glamorous?
Swap hair ties for scrunchies
Putting your hair in a ponytail can sometimes do harm to your hair. And doing it with a hair tie can only make that harm worse. So give your hair ties a rest, or even better, throw them out and get back to using those good old scrunchies instead. They are softer for your hair but also in fashion right now!
Your hair is one of your best accessories – that is something that Nutrafol believes in. So follow these hair growth tips to keep it that way.
Hair growth 101
Choose a good hairbrush
It all starts with the hairbrush. And the best hairbrush that you can choose for hair growth, is a boar bristle brush. When using a boar bristle brush, your hair gets conditioned with every stroke. Because boar hair is similar to human hair, a boar bristle brush is gentle on the scalp and hair follicles. Boar bristles also help distribute the scalp’s natural oils throughout the shaft of your hair, all the way down to the split ends.
Choose a pillowcase that is not made out of cotton
If you are sleeping on a cotton pillowcase you might consider swapping it for a satin or silk one. This will nourish your hair even when you are sleeping. Cotton absorbs moisture, while silk retains it. So when lying on a silk or satin pillowcase, the oils from your strands are maintained rather than soaked up. Which will leave your hair nourished rather than dry.
No need to rinse your hair with cold water
You might have heard that a cold rinse is actually good for hair growth – well, not really. Rinsing with cold water can constrict the blood capillaries in your scalp. As these capillaries carry vital nutrients to the hair follicles, in theory, it may actually be harmful to hair growth, Anabel Kingsley of the Philip Kingsley Trichological Clinic says.
The herb horsetail (Equisetum arvense) contains high levels of silica, one of the planet’s most common and most important elements. Horsetail can increase the tensile strength and thickness of hair and reduces brittleness.
The essential amino acid L-Lysine promotes hair health when combined with other amino acids. Lysine has also shown potential to work with methionine, a rich source of the mineral sulfur and the structural support of the follicle.
L-Methionine is an essential amino acid necessary for hair growth, aiding the development of the hair shaft. It also helps promote overall scalp health and works against graying.
Selenium produces antioxidant enzymes that can defend against damage to cells, including those in hair follicles. It also helps to maintain proper thyroid function, which benefits the immune system and fosters healthy hair growth.
The mineral zinc is vital to the body, playing a key role in more than 300 metabolic functions, including cell reproduction, protein utilization and maintaining hormonal balance. It is essential for collagen production and it is also a powerful antioxidant. Zinc helps wounds to heal and to strengthen the glands attached to hair follicles.
There is a saying that you inherit your hair from your mother’s side of the family, more precisely, if your mother’s father is bald, the chances are that you will also experience hair loss.
But nowadays, it is known that your father’s genes play an equally big part in deciding the hairiness of your head. “Hair-loss genes can be inherited from either your mother’s or father’s side of the family, or a combination of the two,” said Dr. Alan J. Bauman, who is a hair restoration physician, in a recent interview.
There are about 200 genes that affect your hair growth or lack thereof, which means it is impossible to predict what combination these genes will organize in. Siblings with the same parents can inherit different combinations.
Today we do not need to look at old photos of ancestors and guess what our hair will look like in the future. Now, there are scientific methods of deciding this. It can be as easy as a DBA swab from inside your cheek, and the doctors can tell how sensitive you are to dihydrotestosterone, DHT.
DHT is the main culprit in hair loss. The DNA test can also predict how effective hair loss medications like Propecia will be on you. But what exactly is it that makes you go bald?
What Causes Someone to Go Bald?
Most commonly, hair loss is caused by a genetic sensitivity to the male hormone DHT. Testosterone is converted into DHT by an enzyme reaction in the body and is normally up to 10%. It is an essential male hormone that gives males male characteristics. However, when a person has a heightened susceptibility to the effects of DHT, the problems start.
DHT is necessary for the growth of hair on the body, but too much of it will have the opposite effect on the hair on the head. It is believed that the DHT causes hair follicles on the scalp to shrink until they stop producing hair. This is a major cause of pattern hair loss in both males and females.
However, there are tons of other reasons you lose your hair. Factors like stress, sleep deprivation, depression or trauma can have a severe impact on your hair growth. That is because extended periods of stress will heighten your body’s levels of the stress hormone cortisol. This will cause the hair follicles to stop producing hair and shed. This can also happen after giving birth.
What You Can Do
No one wants to go bald, but unfortunately, it is a reality for most men. However, there are things you can do to slow the process. A hair transplant operation is an option for those with serious problems. You can also take medications like Propecia or Rogaine. As always, consult with your doctor before starting a medication as it may come with unwanted side-effects.
To avoid going bald in the long run, you can lead a healthy lifestyle and eat foods that support hair growth. Some examples are fatty fish like salmon, protein rich food like yogurt and meat, dark greens like spinach and colorful fruits and vegetables. Remember that sufficient water also plays an important role. All the cells in your body need hydration to stay healthy.
Wind down and do not stress. Stress has a negative impact on your whole body, but it also affects your hair growth. If you have time, do a scalp massage at home with an essential oil. Massaging your scalp will increase the circulation and blood flow, promoting healthy hair growth and cell rejuvenation.
One of Nutrafol’s ingredients is the herb horsetail. Horsetail contains high levels of silica (or silicon dioxide), one of the planet’s most common and most important elements. The element contains silicic acid, which is shown to increase the tensile strength and thickness of hair and reduce brittleness, according to a 2005 study in the Archive of Dermatological Research.
What is horsetail?
Horsetail’s botanical name is Equisetum arvense. Its use as a medical herb dates back to the times of the Greeks and the Romans. These ancients used it to stop hemorrhage and external bleeding and to treat tuberculosis and kidney diseases. Promoting skin, nail and hair health are also benefits of using the herb.
How does it benefit skin, nails and hair health?
One of the first things to know about horsetail is that it contains a high level of silica. Silica is a compound that strengthens both nails and hair. Horsetail plant is also known to improve blood circulation which leads to healthier hair follicles. Therefore, it’s also suitable for men and women struggling with thinning.
So to sum it all up:
Horsetail is a plant that grows naturally in the wild.
Horsetail is also good to apply to wounds, burns and other skin irritations which may explain why some people suffering from thinning hair prefer to use it as a topical as opposed taking it orally.
Horsetail and hair growth
The main reason why the herb is believed to be able to stimulate hair growth is because of its antioxidant effects. Horsetail can also improve circulation, leading to the improvement of hair follicles and to help stimulate hair growth. The herb also has the ability to increase urine output by acting as a diuretic, leading the system to cleanse and detox itself. This tends to result in better overall health and improve blood circulation. Blood circulation improves the condition of both the scalp and the individual hair follicles. With these improvements comes the ability for hair follicles to produce new hair.